A great country

If there’s one misunderstanding that irritates Luxembourgers, it’s that the rest of the world often assumes that the country is no more than its capital city.

But the Grand Duchy – established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 on solid, age-old historic foundations – is a fully-fledged country, with a proper territory, plurilingualism and its very own cultural scene, an extraordinary wealth of landscapes, an administrative capital (Luxembourg City), dynamic urban centres in different parts of the country, and a host of delightful villages scattered throughout the countryside. 

The structure of its economy has developed according to its geographical conditions: agriculture predominates in the north, services and administrations are concentrated in the centre, and the south presents an industrial landscape. 

Luxembourg is a founder member of all the major international institutions set up after the Second World War (including the United Nations, NATO and the European Union), and takes its share of responsibility in the world.

The proportion of its Gross National Income devoted to development cooperation and humanitarian aid counts amongst the most generous amongst developed countries.

In 2013/2014, Luxembourg had a seat on the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member: not such a small state after all!


963 — the year in which Lucilinburhuc, the future capital of Luxembourg, was founded.


17 December 1994: Luxembourg’s fortress and the old part of the city were listed as UNESCO’s World Heritage.


A founding member of the UN, NATO, and the EU, Luxembourg has also provided the European Commission with 3 Presidents.


1% of Gross National Income devoted to development cooperation and to humanitarian aid.


#1 country to embrace Jeremy Rifkin’s visions of the "Third Industrial Revolution".

  • Updated 14-11-2018